November 19 ko World Toilet Day celebrate kiya jata hai. Is day ka celebration 4.2 billion people me toilet ke liye awareness raise karne ke liye kiya jata hai. Moreover, global sanitation crisis ko tackle karne ke liye action liya jata hai. Besides this 2020 ka theme ‘Sustainable sanitation and climate change’ hai.

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World Toilet Day Ki History

Firstly 2001 me World Toilet Organization ne World Toilet Day ko establish kiya tha. And afterwards UN ne 2013 me is day ko officially declare kiya. Moreover July 2013 me is day par ‘Sanitation for All’ ka resolution liya gaya. Especially is day par poor people me sanitation ke liye awareness raise karna and harmful practices ko stop karna main aim tha. Furthermore, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) ne 2030 tak sanitation for all ke liye promise kiya hai.

World Toilet Day
Raise Awareness

Sustainable Sanitation And Climate Change

Climate change bht fast accelerate kar raha. As Flood, drought, and rising sea levels darane wale sanitation system ki vajah se ho raha. But sustainable sanitation se in sari problems ko decrease kiya jata hai. Additionally, theme ko sanitation services ko manage and current facilities ko improve karne ke liye choose kiya gaya hai. World toilet day par Sustainable Sanitation ke theme ko awareness purpose ke liye liya gaya hai. Even so sustainable sanitation ke liye awareness create karke productive use kiya ja sakta hai. For example, agriculture boost, capture green energy, etc.

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Sustainable Sanitation System Kya Hai?

Climate change ke liye sustainable sanitation system ke liye awareness raise karna jaruri hai. Because isse waste ka productive use ho sakta hai. First of all iska process toilet se start hota hai. As toilet human waste ko  safe, accessible, and dignified setting me capture karta hai. After that waste tank me store ho kar ke collection service ya pipeline ke through nikal jata hai. And uske baad waste ka treatment and safe disposal hota hai. Moreover human waste ka safe use water safe karne me and greenhouse gas emissions ko reduce and capture karta hai. Jo further agriculture me water and nutrients ka reliable source banta hai. Therefore world toilet day ka theme 2020 me sustainable sanitation and and climate change liya gaya hai.

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Sanitation And Toilet ke Key Facts

  1. Around 4.2 million people bina kisi safe and managed sanitation ke rahte hai. Therefore awareness raise karna important hai.
  2. Moreover, Three billion people or global population ka 40% bina kisi soap and water ke basic handwashing facilities ke rahte hai.
  3. More than 800 every day or around 297,000 children five years se niche diarrhea disease se death kar rahe. And ye disease poor hygiene, poor sanitation, or unsafe drinking water se hota hai.
  4. Even so Sanitation crisis se water supplies and the food chain me disease spread ho rahe.
  5. Globe ka 80% waste water without treatment ecosystem me vapas flow ho raha.

Therefore World Toilet Day sanitation and clean toilet ke awareness raise karne ke liye celebrate kiya jata hai. As sanitation human right hai and good health ke liye important hota hai.


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Pragati Pandey

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